Avondale, parish, aka Strathaven

Grid reference

NS 701 443 (accurate position)

Six-figure easting & northing

270100 644300





Nearby places

St Anne's Well, Avondale (0.12 miles)

St Mary's Church, Avondale (0.18 miles)

Maiden Burn, Avondale (1.11 miles)

St Brides, settlement, Avondale (1.87 miles)

St Oswald's Well, Avondale (2.1 miles)

Object Classification

Parish (extant in 1975)


NGR for Avondale Old Parish Church. Canmore ID: 165789.


Parish details

Avondale formerly Strathaven

Parish TLA




Medieval diocese


Parish notes

Certain teinds of the church were granted to Lesmahagow in 1228 by Hugh of Biggar, patron of the church, these rights apparently being exercised by Kelso abbey, to whom the church itself was confirmed by Pope Innocent IV 1243x54 (Kelso Lib. nos. 280, 460). The church does not appear, however, in the Kelso rental of c.1300, and the limited grant would alone appear to have been effective (Ibid. pp.470-3). On the foundation of the collegiate church of Bothwell by Archibald earl of Douglas in 1398, both parsonage and vicarage teinds were then apparently utilised for the erection of certain prebends. See RMS ii no.2452 + other more info. and other refs. in Cowan 1967, 190. This parish consists of the valley of the Avon, with its numerous tributaries, as the Cadder and Pomillon on the north, and Givel or Geil, Lochar and Kype on the south, with a hilly district on the south-east boundary. In 1228 Hugo de Bygre [or Fleming], son of Robert, son of Waldeve, styling himself patron of the church of Strathavon, but then only 19 years old, granted to the monks of Lesmahagow the great teinds of the land of Richard de Baard, lying on the south of the Avon, namely all the cultivated lands of greater and lesser Kyp, Glengavel, Polnele and Louhere, on condition that the monks should pay 20 bolls of oatmeal to a chaplain serving in the chapel of St Briget of Kyp. Kelso Lib. no.280. Quoted OPS i, 103-4. [Note that this must be a different Polnele from Poniel LEW.] NB This is miscopied: the text from Kelso Lib. no. 280 runs thus: Hugonis filii Roberti de Bigris patroni ecclesie de Strahauan …. totam decimam bladi terre Ricardi de Bard iacentis ex parte australi de Auan scilicet maioris Kipe et minoris Kipe et Glengeuil et Polnel et Louuhir et omnium terrarum ad prenominatas terras de iure pertinencium que iam culte sunt uel inposterum coli poterunt. etc. … capelle sancte Brigide de Kipe. The old church, beautifully situated on a high bank of the Pomillon, east of the castle, was dedicated to the Virgin (ref. - Com. Rec. of Glasgow Wishaw p.9). The chapel of St Briget stood beside a burn on Greater or West Kype. There was another chapel on the south-east border, near Bradewude castle; while a third was in the centre of the parish, at the junction of the Locher with the Avon; and a fourth in the western district, where the Templars had lands. (refs. - Blaeu and Thomson). OPS i, 104. Note c.1250 boundary charter of the land of Little Kyp (Kelso Lib. no. 181 (p.149); quoted OPS i, 104).